I MAiQUISE DE FONTENOY. I
| Copyrlght: 10ot: By the Marqulse de Fontenoy. I I
T HE duke of Trevise, who Was so badly
injured on Sunday last In an automo- bile accident near Paris, his motor colliding with a tree, which had the effect of completely wrecking and overturning It, is a grandson of the Na- poleon s held marshal, Mortier, who was killed In 1835 while at the of the carriage of King Louis Philippe, by the bomb of the would-be regicide Fieschd. Curiously enough, rbe Trevise family has on at least two subsequent been subjected to Injuries by bombs, the last timo being when the marquise de Trevise's town mansion In the Rue de Berri was badly dam- aged by a bomb, the perpetrators of the out- rage lating remained undiscovered to this day.
the duke. who Is a man of d2, attracted no little - last year by a suit which he instituted against a Parisian music hall divinity to prc ;ent her from herself "Mile. do Trel lse,' In which she was merely tho custom of chorus girls and chantant favorites, who for years have made a practice of assuming the most illus- names of the French aristocracy. The duke cannot be said to have obtained much satisfaction by his victory, In the case. For the woman on being notified by the courts of the prohibition of her use of the name of De Trevise, . transformed her nom de guerre Into "Treyvyse," which In FPrench sounds absolutely the same, so that ehe may be regarded as virtually retaining lier name and as having, moreover, obtained through the suit an Immense amount of valu- able advertising at the expense of the duke.
The duchess seems to have been also badly Injured in the accident last Sunday, while the duke s daughter, the de Gue- briant, In sorne miraculous manner, escaped' unhurt. It Is the widow of the-duke s elder brother, the late marquis de Trevise, who oWns the magnificent country seat of the- famlly. the 'historic chateau of Sceaux, the gardens of which were laid out by Lo Notre, who likewise designed those of the palace oo Versalles It originally belonged to the famous statesman Colbert. The duke has mn only son, who Is now 22 years of age.
Lord Stamford seems to have had a narrow escape from drowning in the lake (cele. brated in connection with an 3 Pike story) at Dunham Massey, his country place, near Altrincham, in Cheshire, and he has been so ill ever since that he may yet succumb to the effects of the accident. He has many friends Ir this country, who will recall him as eking out a scanty subsistence as one of the tutors of Codrlngton college of Barbados, under the name of Prof. William Grey. The earldom he inherited a number of years ago, along with an Income or about ,i30.000 a year. But It was only last year that the death of the widow of the seventh earl, and the termination of a lease, enabled him to secure possession of Dunham hall, which has been the ancestral home of his family since the days of Oliver Cromwell. It Is one of the most picturesque and Important coun- try seats In Cheshire, surrounded by- a moat and by an immense park, full of glorious old trees hundreds of years old. Dunhamn park Itself figures in " Doomsday Book," complied by WillIam the Conqueror, while the older portions of the hall date from 1230.
Lord Stamford, who has a boy of 11, known as Lord Grey of Groby, to succeed, to his honors, was compelled to go to the expense of defending a claim before the committee Df privilegeS of the house of lords, brought by the coal black Hottentot widow of his cousin, the eighth earl, in behalf of her mulatto son, whose case was, however, thrown out of court when the Vact was brought to light that he had been born pre- vious Instead of subsequent to the marriage Df hts parents. Otherwise there would. be today a mulatto a seat Inthe upper of the national legislature at West- minster as a peer of the realm.
The late and eighth earl of Stamford was, although a clergyman, something of an old, reprobate. Shortly after becoming a clergy- man of the Church of England he married 1 servant, and became involved in difficulties which rendered his leaving Eng- land necessary. He migrated- to South Africa, his wife abandoning . After her death he married In South Africa, a white woman of humble station, who died two years later, and then for a time he liv-ed. with a coal black Hottentot woman. occupied the position of cook and-laundress in Ms household. Eventually some of the missionaries in the district in 'which he lived persuaded him to legalize his relations with her by marriage. This took place after the birth of their son, John Grey, who was rendered by this tardy marriage legitimate according to the terms of the old Dutch law still In force in the portion of South Africas where he was born. But it did not him to enable him to establish his rights to his peerages.
A daughter was, born after this marriage, and Is, like her brother, a mulatto. As the legitimate daughter of an earl, she was enti- tled to style herself Lady Grey. and about three years ago she married a Boer, but still retains her title. Hter mother, that Is to say. the widow of the eighth earl, has since his death married again, to a' Soutiu African halfbreed of the name of Pieter Pleterse, and has thereby forfeited her rank and prerogatives as a peeress. Moreover, Bhq has had the good sense to drop the title a-h she enjoyed during her first marriage,
The peerages held by tle, present Lord Stamford date from the beginning of the seventeenth century. King James I. con- ferred the barony of Grey of Groby in l10t3 upon Sir Henry Grey. son, of Lord John Grey, and, only nephew of that marquis of Dorset and duke of Suffolk who was the father of Lady Jane Grey, for a few days queen of .England, while earldom of Stamford w-as conferred upon the first Lord Grey of Groby's grandson, In been .a parliamentary commander during the civil war and one of the Judges Who sIgned the warrant for King Charles I.'s execution,
The Grey family seems. to bare been founded, by Henry de Grey, Who from Richard Cceur de LUon the of Turroe In. Essex. along withi the privilege. which Lord Stamford still , of hunting " the fox and. hare In any lands belonging to the ; except the king s own private ." The Greys have always been In hot water. Sir John de Grey was killed &t the battle of St. Alban!s, for Henry VI., and his widow, to that there was no Ili feeling, became queen con- sort to Edward IV., after having declined to become his favorite. Thomas Greyr was beheaded, for participating In Wyatt's rebel- lion in 1655. His brother, LeonardC also lost his head upon the scaffold. and so, too, did Lady Jane Grey, and her father, the duke of Suffolk. Thomas Grey, s0o1 of the earl of Stamford, was arrested and thrown Into the tower for having been concerned in the Ryo house plot, but' was pardoned by James II.
The present Lord Stamford from - ing Inherited all the estates of the seventh- earl, which great. He Is In command today of all income of about $1S0,000 a year. but would have been far It not been for the action of the seventh earl In his widow, Kitty Cox. an ex-actress, to dis- pose of the property as she. liked, and, owing to this, the Lelbestershlreestates of the earldom have gone to Slrs. Arthur Duncombe, and the Staffordshire property, Including Enville, to the wife of Sir Henry Foley Grey.
Enville hall Itself was partly destroyed by fire shortly before the death of the widow of the seventh earl. Buult early in King IHenry IIl's reign, in the place of the Elizabethan manor house, that had previously occupied the site, it was one of the grandest country homes in England with Ite art treasures. Its superb grounds, park, and lakes laid out by the poet Shenstone, and its once famous private racecourse.
One of thele Enviile hall,. until the fire, -Wag-Its colossal amount of plate Every bedroom at Enville hall, a huge mansion, was equipped with an entire toilet service of superb Queen Anne silver, and In the plateroom there were tons upon tons of grand old silver. It seems that the second earl- of Stamford was so fond of silver that he made a proviso In his will thata large sum of money should be devoted annually to the purchase of silver, and this had been going on for generations, until towards the middle of the nineteenth century the seventh earl secured a private actof annulling the . Fortunately all this -plate was saved at- the fres, - -